Saint Paul’s, the Antwerp Dominican church, a revelation
A small church that is not a parish church. It may be part of a larger entity such as a hospital, school, or an alms-house, or it may stand alone.
An enclosed part of a church with its own altar.
of the Holy In Christianity, this is a sacred act in which God comes to man. Sacraments mark important moments in human life. In the Catholic Church, there are seven sacraments: baptism, confession, Eucharist, confirmation, anointing of the sick, marriage and ordination.
and of the Sweet Name of Jesus
In the great Gothic churches the southern side, pre-eminently the sunny side, is the most appropriate side to accommodate the devotions of Jesus’ radiant love. In the Middle Ages these were the devotions of the Holy Cross or those of the Sweet Name of Jesus. The 15th century was the time of the rise of the worship of the Holy Sacrament. This refers more concretely to the A portion of bread made of unleavened wheat flour that, according to Roman Catholic belief, becomes the body of Christ during the Eucharist. bread which is In the Roman Catholic Church, the moment when, during the Eucharist, the bread and wine are transformed into the body and blood of Jesus, the so-called transubstantiation, by the pronouncement of the sacramental words. during Holy The liturgical celebration in which the Eucharist is central. It consists of two main parts: the Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist. The main parts of the Liturgy of the Word are the prayers for mercy, the Bible readings, and the homily. The Liturgy of the Eucharist begins with the offertory, whereby bread and wine are placed on the altar. This is followed by the Eucharistic Prayer, during which the praise of God is sung, and the consecration takes place. Fixed elements are also the praying of the Our Father and a wish for peace, and so one can symbolically sit down at the table with Jesus during Communion. Mass ends with a mission (the Latin missa, from which ‘Mass’ has been derived): the instruction to go out into the world in the same spirit. into the body of Jesus. This palpable token of Jesus’ presence is the most prominent of the seven sacraments and is founded on the Catholic doctrine of the The conviction that during the Eucharist bread and wine really do change into the body and blood of Jesus Christ, without changing their outer characteristics (bread and wine). As a result, the consecrated host can be venerated as the Blessed Sacrament. The doctrine of transubstantiation has caused much controversy in church history and led to various separation movements (such as Protestantism).. In the 19th century the devotion of the Holy Heart prevailed. This shift in devotion occurred among the Antwerp Dominicans in one and the same fraternity, namely that of the ‘Sweet Name and the Holy Sacrament’.