Saint Paul’s, the Antwerp Dominican church, a revelation
For the new devotion of the Stations of the Cross there was no place in the overfull This is a title that the Church bestows on a deceased person who has lived a particularly righteous and faithful life. In the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Church, saints may be venerated (not worshipped). Several saints are also martyrs. Paul’s church, but they have found their place in the cloister corridor nearby, which has been furnished as a
A small church that is not a parish church. It may be part of a larger entity such as a hospital, school, or an alms-house, or it may stand alone.
An enclosed part of a church with its own altar.
Above the entrance you can read “Wees gegroet // o Kruis // mijne eenige hoop!” [Hail to you // oh Cross // my only hope!] and when leaving the chapel: “Ontferm // onze Heer // Ontferm U onzer.” [Have mercy // our Lord // have mercy upon us]: the prayer with which the people used to confirm their devotion at each new One of the fourteen stages of the Way of the Cross: Jesus is sentenced to death.
Jesus takes up the cross.
Jesus falls the first time.
Jesus meets His mother.
Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus carry the cross.
Veronica wipes Jesus’s face.
Jesus falls the second time.
Jesus comforts the mourning women.
Jesus falls the third time.
Jesus is stripped naked.
Jesus is nailed to the cross.
Jesus is taken down from the cross.
Jesus is laid into a tomb.
of the Cross.
The 14 stations of the Cross are typically neo-Gothic work by Jean-Baptist de Boeck and Jean-Baptist van Wint (1888-1889).
Typical of neo-Gothic historicism is the preference for evoking 16th century life in the Low Countries, with 16th century clothing and weapons. The buildings in town carry both Gothic and Renaissance motifs. The city landscape gradually evolves from Pilate’s palace, along the streets of Jerusalem to Golgotha and finally to the rock-cut tomb in the neighbourhood. In the city of Jerusalem there are Italian Renaissance palazzos and Flemish Gothic houses and brick towers. Often small figures watch the main event far off from a height, from balconies or from windows. So as to free the relief from its confinement inside the case and the frame, the sculptors have often allowed a three dimensional figure to step out of the scene as it were.
Notice how in the sixth station, the one with Veronica, the artist must have had the religious statues in Antwerp streets in mind, when on a street corner he added this image of a satyr to evoke paganism.
On the half circular arch above the The altar is the central piece of furniture used in the Eucharist. Originally, an altar used to be a sacrificial table. This fits in with the theological view that Jesus sacrificed himself, through his death on the cross, to redeem mankind, as symbolically depicted in the painting “The Adoration of the Lamb” by the Van Eyck brothers. In modern times the altar is often described as “the table of the Lord”. Here the altar refers to the table at which Jesus and his disciples were seated at the institution of the Eucharist during the Last Supper. Just as Jesus and his disciples did then, the priest and the faithful gather around this table with bread and wine. niche there is the text that is prayed out loud by the people during the Stations of the Cross after each mentioning of a station: “Wij aanbidden u Christus en loven u omdat / Gij door uw kruis de wereld verlost hebt.” [“We pray to You, Christ and praise You because / by your cross You have delivered the world.”]
The marble Literally: “something hanging in front”. An ornament placed in front of the altar and usually covering it completely. An antependium can be made of various materials: silver (as in Antwerp cathedral), wood but also textiles. In the latter case it is sometimes adapted to the liturgical colours. contains the names of the parishioners who, due to their resistance against the enemy, lost their lives in the First World War (1914-1948). Soldiers who fell in battle are commemorated as well as resistance fighters who “were shot a bullet through the head” (i.e. were executed).